After the Russian Revolution in , frustrated supporters of the ousted Czar rescued the document from obscurity in order to discredit the Bolsheviks. The emigre Czarists portrayed the Revolution as part of a Jewish plot to enslave the world, and pointed to the Protocols as the blueprint of that plan. The scheme of yoking the Protocols to the Bolshevik Revolution not only led to the allegation of a Judeo-Communist conspiracy, but promoted the forgery internationally.
In later years, vicious Soviet anti-Semitic propaganda under Stalin and others echoed the conspiracy mythology of the Protocols. Eighteen articles on the subject of a Jewish conspiracy as well as on the " Protocols " themselves were published in the Morning Post. Marsden translated the Protocols into English and in his introduction to the document asserted:. A Polish language edition of the Protocols appeared in The following year the Arabs of Palestine and Syria used the Protocols to stir up resentment against Jewish settlers in Palestine, suggesting that the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine would further advance the "international Jewish conspiracy.
By Ford had repudiated the " International Jew ," but hundreds of thousands of people around the world had been encouraged by his initial endorsement to accept the Protocols as genuine. Once in power Hitler invoked the Protocols to justify anti-Semitic legislation and suppression of all opposition to the Third Reich. For example, the first anti-Semitic measure in April of , a one-day boycott of Jewish stores, was deemed a defense against the "Plan of Basel" another name for the Protocols.
Anti-Semites around the globe still actively circulate the Protocols. The document is also favored by such U. The most common U.
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The Protocols have become a major source of Arab and Islamic propaganda. Between and alone, approximately 50 books on political subjects published in Arabic were either based on the Protocols or quoted from them. In , Hazern Nuseibeh, the Jordanian delegate to the United Nations , spoke about the Protocols as a genuine document. In October of the Iranian Embassy in Brazil circulated copies of the Protocols , which it said "belongs to the history of the world. During the 's, Muslim groups peddled the forgery worldwide.
American Black Muslim groups have sold it.
Bolshevism and the Myth of the International Jewish Conspiracy
Based on a perverse "interpretation" of the Protocols, the Saudi Arabian government blamed Israel for an attack on a synagogue in Istanbul in With Glasnost there has also been a reappearance of the Protocols in the Soviet Union. A Soviet book released in called "On the Class Essence of Zionism" revived insidious canards contained in the Protocols, and made repeated references to Jews engaging in "constant efforts to gain control of the world.
Hugo Valentin, lecturer in history at the University of Upsala in Sweden, characterized the Protocols in his study Anti-Semitism, Historically and Critically Examined as "the greatest forgery of the century. More than 60 years ago the Czarist intelligence service concocted and peddled a confection called The Protocols of the Elders of Zion.
Antisemitism: A Historical Survey
Dodd and Kenneth B. In a Swiss judge, presiding at a trial of two Swiss National Socialists charged with circulating the Protocols, wrote:. I hope that one day there will come a time when no one will any longer comprehend how in the year almost a dozen fully sensible and reasonable men could for fourteen days torment their brains before a court of Berne over the authenticity or lack of authenticity of these so-called Protocols.
There are still those anti-Semites and their willing audiences who remain ready to circulate and believe this fantasy of hate. All rights reserved. Reprinted with permission. Download our mobile app for on-the-go access to the Jewish Virtual Library. Anti-Zionism as Anti-Semitism. Black-Jewish Relations. The City Without Jews. Global Trends in Anti-Semitism.
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Hitler’s Twisted Vision of a “Judeo-Bolshevik Enemy” | debatingbolshevism
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Anti-Semitism: A Hoax of Hate
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